This exhibition catalogue is the first to present the impressive private collection of Hermann Hugo Neithold (1862–1939). It is a unique example of a collection of a middle-class businessman that was assembled with great passion. Within only 20 years he laid out a collection of more than 50 paintings from the 19th and early 20th centuries that shows great competence and taste. Its main emphasis is formed by paintings of the Munich School, enhanced by works of the Munich and Berlin Secession movements. The collection, still largely preserved, unites landscapes, portraits, still lifes and genre scenes by Lovis Corinth, Franz Defregger, Wilhelm von Diez, Max Liebermann, Eduard Schleich the Elder, Carl Spitzweg and Wilhelm Trübner.