In May 1938, Benito Mussolini and King Vittorio Emanuele III welcomed Adolf Hitler in Italy. This state visit is examined for the first time from the perspective of art history and visual studies. The first section of the book analyzes the extensive visual choreography employed during Hitler's stay, especially of the crowds, maneuvers and the effects of illumination. The second section devotes itself to how these special days were commemorated in photo books. As a widely-circulated pictorial and media event, Hitler's state visit was a decisive step in the process of aligning the two dictatorships that has been largely underestimated until now.