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Die vier Elemente der Architekturtheorie des Francesco di Giorgio: spirienza, dottrina, ingegno und scienzia

Sophie Elaine Wolf

From the Journal: Architectura

Published online:

31 Mar 2022



Four central concepts of the writings of Francesco di Giorgio (1439 –1501) are discussed: spirienza, dottrina, ingegno, and scienzia. The spirienza can be both »autoptic study« and »experimentation«. It is rooted in Francesco di Giorgio’s original training and has had a lasting influence on his method. The dottrina, »erudition«, serves both Francesco di Giorgio personally and architects in general to move from practitioner to learned architect. The ingegno, talent, is interpreted as the innate creativity and ability to find innovative solutions, it thus plays a central role as a counterpart to the dottrina. Finally, scienzia means a systematic method in the practice of architecture. This gains great importance, especially in the later Treatise, when Francesco di Giorgio emphasizes that in architecture two methods must complement each other: archaeological investigation and the study of (ancient) literature.

Other articles in this issue:

architectura Issues

Volume 51 (2021)
Volume 50 (2020)
Volume 49 (2019)
Volume 48 (2018)
Volume 47 (2017)
Volume 46 (2016)
Volume 45 (2015)

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