Projecting Stars, Triangles and Concrete

Martino Peña Fernández-Serrano and José Calvo López

From the Journal: Architectura

Published online:

24 Jul 2019



Sometimes scientific-technical objects can be given an extended meaning as cultural icons and be received in art and architecture. To this end, the object must be detached from its original context and viewed from different, new perspectives.

In 1922 Walter Bauersfeld constructed one of the first geodesic domes for testing projection devices in Jena. Walter Gropius and Lázló Moholy-Nagy were among the first to visit the Jena Planetarium; Moholy-Nagy received the dome in his book ›Von Material zu Architektur‹. Richard Buckminster Fuller further developed Bauersfeld’s concept from the 1940s and patented the construction principle of a geodesic dome under the name ›Building Construction‹ in 1954. His patent bears resemblances to the Bauersfeld Planetarium in Jena, which can be demonstrated by manuscripts by Bauersfeld from the Zeiss Archive in Jena. Fuller, on the other hand, also used the geodesic dome to explain his theory as Synergetic. The article traces the transformation of the technical object conceived by Bauersfeld via Moholy-Nagy and Fuller into a cultural icon of the 20th century.

Other Articles in this Issue:

architectura Issues

Volume 51 (2021)
Issue 1 (July 2021)
Volume 50 (2020)
Issue 1-2 (December 2020)
Volume 49 (2019)
Issue 2 (February 2019)
Issue 1 (January 2019)
Volume 48 (2018)
Issue 1-2 (January 2018)
Volume 47 (2017)
Issue 1-2 (August 2017)
Volume 46 (2016)
Issue 2 (June 2016)
Issue 1 (July 2016)
Volume 45 (2015)
Issue 2 (December 2015)
Issue 1 (July 2015)

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